Whether having a not-so-wild garden already or planning to make a new one, it is a lovely venture to create and connect the pockets of nature in the middle of the urban setting. Although such gardens cannot provide sort of a natural habitat like the one in the countryside, they can offer great shelter and serve as a refuge for wildlife. On a bigger plan, the mosaic of scattered wildlife gardens has a huge positive effect on the natural landscape and can make a big difference to the world of nature.
Separate the part of the garden where you wish to plant something and leave the rest of the soil untouched. Do not dig the soil, but let it settle and rest under the layer of compost. By composting the ground, you will allow the population of different larvae and earthworms to grow. Same way you will create a habitat for invertebrates as well as foraging for some birds.
Connect your garden by planting the open areas and cover bare ground with different plants and grass. By eliminating these empty spots, you will allow frogs, newts, and invertebrates to move across the garden and find the shelter. When covering the ground, plant different species in flower beds and throughout the area, to ensure the supply of wildflowers in the future.
No need for a neat lawn in the wildlife garden, at least not all of it. Lawns are habitat for insects, especially long, uncut grass. Leave the middle of the lawn short so that badgers and birds can feed on bugs and larvae, but remember to keep the long grass on the edges of the lawn since it provides forage for grubs.
Plant some trees and bushes since it is a great refuge for the birds. It will also invite some hedgehogs or other small wildlife to come and escape the predators or to breed and build a nest in such safe spot. In addition to that, planting hedgerows or climbers against the wall will also provide great haven and breeding site for birds.
Plant some more
Wildlife garden isn’t wild unless there are flowers and bees and butterflies. Plant flowers that will be good food plants for caterpillars or other animals. Mix some domestic and non-native species and make sure to have a year-round supply of nectar. For that matter consider planting some daisies, lavender, foxgloves, as well as some plants whose leaves can also be food to animals.
Build a pond since water is an important habitat for many species and it will attract dragonflies and newts. If there is enough space, consider having more than one water features, whether to provide freshness during the warm days or to accommodate the army of tadpoles.
Keep it safe
Although there is a great threat from different pests and diseases, try to solve this problem by finding natural means to repel the pests and control the weed. Many wildlife predators will eat some garden pests, but if it gets out of control, you may reach for more radical options. According to professionals from Pest Works, pest and termite inspection is of great importance when maintaining the wildlife garden.
Provide some bird boxes, hedgehog homes, and bat boxes to ensure nesting. Even with the rising number of wildlife gardens, this surrounding is not friendly to animals, so make sure to offer them a safe alternative.
Pile up wood
Collect dead wood, logs, sticks and old foliage and place them around the garden or under the bushes. That way you will provide shelter for insects while you will allow the growth of moss and fungi who prevent the ground from drying.
Creating a wildlife garden is welcoming nature and giving back a tiny part of what we took away from her. It is rewarding enough in a way that you get to know local species, to study their behavior, see the balance restored and to observe the cycle of life in your very own backyard. In other words, it is the purest form of respecting the life and protecting it, in the only way we can.